The Colorful Culture of Punjab in Pakistan: A Celebration of Traditions and Heritage

Updated: 03 Jul 2024



 Punjab being known as the land of five rivers is a socially rich and historically sensitive province of Pakistan. Famous for its progressing fertile plains and warmly welcomed gentlemen, it has social stress that is as far-reaching as its basis. In this article, the author is showing the diverse side of Pakistani Punjabi culture including manner, language, celebration, food, music, and painting.

 Historical context

 With regards to political history, Punjab is a very ancient region that played a significant part in the Indus Valley Civilization. It has also been shaped by different empires and civilizations such as the Aryans, Persians, Greeks, Mauryemu, Mughals, and the British. All these combined forces have homogenized culture to some extent and have meanwhile given rise to a Punjabi Culture.

 Language and Literature

 This language is indeed the most prevalent in Punjab and forms a part of the tradition and heritage of this region. The language of Punjabi also has a great tradition of literature, therefore the great classical poets such as Bulleh Shah, Waris Shah, and Mian Muhammad Baksh. Thus, modern Punjabi literature is still active, and writers and poets are making noteworthy inputs to this field.

 Traditions and customs

 In Punjabi culture, there are evident traditions of collectivity, as well as building friendly relations with others. Both the Punjabi women and men do not underestimate traditional customs and rituals that continue to inform the conduct of their daily lives. Social events such as weddings, births, and coming of age, non-religious events like religious festivals, and product events like harvest festivals are celebrated with elaborate rituals and people’s participation.


 Punjabi weddings are said to be a handsome affair and the exuberance is taken to the next level. The celebrations continue for several days and are marked by different rituals the Mehrmahfil or the night of Henna or Mehndi, Baraat or the groom’s procession, Walima or the wedding feast. The pyramids were built with the help of large armies, and dancing, music, and even rich banquets were part of these celebrations.


 Bash is integral to the existence of the Punjabi public since people of this state know how to enjoy both religious and seasonal bash.

  • Basant

 To sum up, Basant, the spring festival includes kite flying, special entertaining music, and Local delicious dishes. There are several kinds of kites flying in the skies and all of them are colors to depict the theme of joy and new beginnings.

  • Eid

 Both the ‘Eid-ul-Fitr’ and ‘Eid-ul-Adha’ involve prayer in congregation, the eating of a sacrificial meal, and giving of charity. All these festivals have been influenced by the strong Islamic values that are evident among the Punjabi people.

  • Cuisine

 The Punjabi food is very rich in taste and many dishes associated with and originated from Punjabi are known all over the world. It is distinguished by the lavish usage of spices, the usage of dairy products, and a cornucopia of breads. 

  • Signature Dishes

 Sarson da Saag and Makki di Roti: Mustard Greens and Corn Bread: Traditional meal indeed.

 Tandoori Chicken: barbecued chicken grilled in Tandoor an oven made of clay.

 Chole Bhature: Garnished with water-spiced chickpeas accompanied by fried bread.

 Lassi: Lassi is a drink made from yogurt containing salt or sugar as an option, in addition to being an enhancer of the flavor.

 Music and Dance

 Music and dance are significant parts of Punjabi tradition which in a way shows that the people of Punjab are happy and lively.

 Bhangra and Giddha


 One of the most famous dance forms, performed during the harvest festivals, is Bhangra which spread across the world. As lively as Bhangra, Giddha is a traditional dance performed by women on different occasions.

 Folk music

 Punjabi folk Singers mostly render soulful music with èndearing lyrics and Punjabi folk music is socially relevant as it portrays themes of love, courage, and the rustic life. Such instruments as dhol which is a drum, tumbi, and algoza are usually used in this performance.

 Art and handicrafts

 Certain sectors of Punjab arts and crafts are well developed accomplished in the craft of embroidery, pottery, and weaving, etc.

  • Phulkari

 These are some of the key traditional embroideries found in Punjab; Phulkari is one of the most famous embroideries and is characterized by floral designs and bright-colored threads. This design is mostly incorporated in shawls, dupattas, and other home accessories more frequently.

  • Pottery and Ceramics

 The area is also famous for its exclusive recipes of blue pottery and well-carved designed ceramics which proves the inherited artistic talent.


 It can be clearly stated that the culture of Punjab in Pakistan has proof of the historical mix of this country and the continued effective thinking of individuals. Language, literature, Food, festivals, and arts are some of the ways through which one can understand Punjabi culture which is so colorful and full of zeal. It is a culture that embraces all aspects of life so characteristic of Punjabis’ friendliness, resourcefulness, and love for life.

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Abdul Basit Abdul Basit

Abdul Basit Abdul Basit

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